puerto rico geography

The geography of Puerto Rico consists of an archipelago located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic, west of the Virgin Islands and north of Venezuela. Interestingly, in 2005 it was estimated that 90.72% of the land was not being used while only 5.59% was being used permanently for crops and 3.69% is arable land. Der Inselstaat Puerto Rico befindet sich im Westen der britischen Jungferninseln und im Osten der Dominikanischen Republik. There are also caves, deserts, oceans, rivers and stunning beaches. The Geography of Puerto Rico Total Size: 13,790 square km 1. Die Insel ist in grossen Teilen gebirgig, die zentrale Bergkette wird von fruchtbaren Küstenebenen umgeben. All rights reserved. Puerto Rico ist ein Archipel in der Karibik, das aus einer Hauptinsel und einer Handvoll kleinerer Inseln besteht. The Puerto Rican coastline measures about five hundred and eighty kilometers. Castillo San Felipe del Morro | Prayitno/Filckr. The top four highest mountains in Puerto Rico are Cerro Punta, Rosa, Guilarte and the Tres Picachos. Geography :: Puerto Rico. Home » Multi-Ethnic Cultures of Puerto Rico » Learn About the Geography of Puerto Rico. Topography varies from coastal flat lands to mountainous central highlands. We are using cookies to make the website better. The mountains are the easternmost extension of a tightly folded and faulted ridge that extends from the Central American mainland across … Climate Trade winds ensure year-round subtropical weather. Die höchste Erhebung ist der 1.339 m hohe Cerro de la Punta im Inselzentrum. Temperatures regularly reach 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius) and above in summer, late spring and early fall, with similarly high temperatures rest of the year. Mona Island lies about fifty miles west of the Puerto Rican coastline. Landscape of Puerto Rico. This site is supported by ads. Puerto Rico: Berühmtes Radioteleskop ist eingestürzt | National Geographic Das Arecibo-Observatorium wurde Anfang der Sechziger zur Erforschung der Ionosphäre erbaut und war eine kritische Ressource der Inselbewohner im Fall von Naturkatastrophen. State-equivalent (Puerto Rico) Combined Statistical Area (CSA) Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) Micropolitan Area ; County-equivalent (Municipio) U.S. Virgin Islands. The Dominican Republic, The Bahamas, and the Britich Virgin Islands are all near Puerto Rico. Fancisco Salas founded Aguas Buenas on May 25, 1838. Offiziell ist Puerto Rico autonom, aber nicht souverän. The main island of Puerto Rico is about 110 miles (177 km) long (west to east) and 35 miles (56.3 km) wide (north to south), and covers 3,515 square miles (9,104 square km) — slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island, according to the Central Intelligence Agency. Puerto Rico is an unincorporated island territory of the United States of America, located in the north-eastern Caribbean Sea. Aguas Buenas is a town in Puerto Rico that is commonly known as "La Ciudad de las Aguas Claras" or "the city of clear (good) waters". Because of the mountainous geographic chain and the short width of the island, Puerto Rico cannot really have any large lakes or long rivers. The karst region extends west from Aquadilla to the east of San Juan in Loiza. National Geographic’s latest travel stories about Puerto Rico It wa… Unterkategorien. Ursprünglich war Puerto Rico stark bewaldet, durch Rodungen zugunsten von Landwirtschaft ist der Regenwald aber stark zurückgegangen. The highest elevation in Puerto Rico, Cerro de Punta 4,390 feet (1,340 m), is located in this range. Puerto Rico, officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea. Originally built by the Spanish in the 1500s, El Morro is one of Puerto Rico’s most recognizable landmarks—you’ve definitely seen it on every Puerto Rico postcard, ever. The region features both rugged volcanic rock and delicate limestone and you will find a variety of sinkholes, karst features, limestone cliffs and caves in this region. On November 19, 1493 Christopher Columbus discovered the island in his second voyage to the New World. It is an island surrounded by the Altlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. In 1917 Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship. Vieques lies about 7 miles (11.3 km) east of the main island and is approximately … The iconic fortress Castillo San Felipe del Morro (or more commonly, “ El Morro ”), has stood guard over San Juan’s shores for centuries. Please help us out and disable your ad-blocker. Some of the natural resources that can be found are off-shore and on-shore crude oil – which isn’t currently being harvested – as well as copper, nickel and fish. Due to erosion from the interior mountains, a chain of smaller valleys lie at right angles in close proximity to the east and west coast. © Copyright 1995-2020 PuertoRico.com. Puerto Rico. The island of Puerto Rico has surprising geographical diversity with some 60% of the island's terrain being very hilly. Puerto Rico’s Official, National and Public Holidays, Legends, Fables, Myths and Stories of Puerto Rico, An Overview of the Education System in Puerto Rico, Traditional and Modern Influences Shaped Puerto Rican Music. The main mountain range is called "La Cordillera Central" (The Central Range). PuertoRico.com® is a non-government website designed to help travelers learn about the island of Puerto Rico. This me… There are also caves, deserts, oceans, rivers and stunning beaches. Mit 97 km ist der Rio de la Plata der längste Fluss der Insel. The island is approximately 90 miles wide in an east-west direction and 30 miles wide between the north and south coasts. Because of this the island has been placed under the management of the Puerto Rican Natural Resources and the United States as a National Park Service. All trademarks, product names, logos, and the like, appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners. Puerto Rico (USA): Geographie und Landkarte Der Inselstaat Puerto Rico befindet sich im Westen der britischen Jungferninseln und im Osten der Dominikanischen Republik. Puerto Rico - the easternmost island nation and a part of the Greater Antilles Chain; is geographically positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. It is known as the Angel Reef and even though it is relatively untouched it is also so easy to dive that beginners can give it a try. Push Mitteilungen FN … Physical Geography; Culture and Lifestyle; Resources; The Size of Puerto Rico and it's Neighboring Nations. Adjuntas is a mountainside municipality that's nicknamed "the Switzerland of Puerto Rico." The main island of Puerto Rico is the smallest and most eastern of the Greater Antilles. The mountainous interior is formed by the Cordillera Central Range and this is formed by a central mountain chain ranging from Mayaguez to Aibonito. This is an apt name for Aguas Buenas, a town known for its fresh water springs, which produce pure, clean water for the local people living here. As a result, localized droughts occur yearly within many of the geographic areas of Puerto Rico. It is also almost twice the size of Delaware. Bevor es unter US-amerikanische Kontrolle geriert, gehörte Puerto Rico lange Zeit zu Spanien. Dennoch fehlen ihnen bestimmte Rechte, zum Beispiel die Stimmabgabe bei Präsidentschaftswahlen. The three distinct physiographic regions are divided into the karst areas, the coastal lowlands and the mountainous region. Es ist Teil der Großen Antillen, einer Gruppierung der größeren Inseln in der Karibik. The average temperature is 74 degrees F., however, highland areas are cooler. Most of the caverns and karst topography on the island occurs in the northern Oligocene to recent carbonates. Puerto Rico is the 163rd largest country in the world. Geography Puerto Rico measures 100 miles by 35 miles with an area of 3,464 square miles. The oldest rocks are approximately 190 million years old (Jurassic) and are located at Sierra Bermeja in the southwest part of the island. Several small offshore islands are part of Puerto Rico, but only two are inhabited year-round: Vieques and Culebra. The island is almost rectangular in form. Taíno Indians who inhabited the territory, calledthe island Boriken or Borinquen which means: "the great land of the valiant and noble Lord" or "land of the great lords". Puerto Rico is divided into 78 municipalities, and this quiz game will help you memorize them all. Kategorie:Geographie (Puerto Rico) Zur Navigation springen Zur Suche springen. Puerto Rico's capital is the third oldest European-established capital city in the Americas, after Santo Domingo, in the Dominican Republic, founded in 1496, and Panama City, in Panama, founded in 1521, and is the oldest European-established city in the U.S. proper or U.S. territories. miles Geographical Low Point: Atlantic Ocean at Sea Level (source: U.S. Geological Survey) Geographical High Point: Cerro de Punta at 4,390 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Ponce District (source: U.S. Geological Survey) Central Point: Counties: 78 Municipalities Bodies of Water: Famous People Fun Facts. It isn’t every day that you find an almost virgin coral reef that is easy to dive. ... Puerto Rico's merchandise trade surplus is exceptionally strong, with exports nearly 50% greater than imports, and its current account surplus about 10% of GDP. The island is mostly mountainous with large coastal areas in the north and south. Ponce on the south coast and Mayagüez on the west are other urban cores. Puerto Rico’s southern region, which includes the Caribbean coast and its second-largest city, Ponce, is hot but drier than the northern part of the island. Der Küste der Hauptinsel sind mehrere kleine Inseln wie Mona, Vieques und Culebra vorgelagert. Geographic Area Statistics. Figure 2. Puerto Rico is the easternmost island of the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean Sea, approximately a thousand miles southeast of Florida and just east of the Dominican Republic and west of the U.S. Virgin Islands. The beautiful coastal area extends for approximately thirteen to nineteen kilometers in the north and for three to thirteen kilometers to the south. Puerto Rico makes up part of the Great Antilles being the smallest eastern island in this collection. Arecibo is this and more to Puerto Rico because it has gone beyond an icon,” Rivera-Valentín writes. Puerto Rico is composed of Jurassic to Eocene volcanic and plutonic rocks, which are overlain by younger Oligocene to recent carbonates and other sedimentary rocks. Puerto Rico. By clicking Agree you are accepting Terms of Service. Distribution of mean annual precipitation in Puerto Rico. The municipality of Gurabo has a history that dates back to the 17th century when it was part of Caguas. Here you will find a unique, untouched environment housing creatures found nowhere else in the world. Dealers With an Agreement Covering Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, the US Virgin Islands and Geographies Across the Caribbean and Central America. Puerto Rico: Urban-rural Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. A nearly continuous urban area has developed from Caguas to San Juan and along the north coast from Fajardo through San Juan to Arecibo. Der Inselstaat liegt in der Karibik und besteht aus der Insel Puerto Rico und den kleineren Nebeninseln Vieques, Culebra, Culebrita, Desecheo, Palomino, Mona, Caja de Muertos und Monito. Location: This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. Im Puerto Rico umgebenden Ozean werden sehr grosse Tiefen erreicht: nördlich der Insel befindet sich das 9.219 m tiefe Milwaukeetief im atlantischen Puerto-Rico-Graben, südlich das bis zu 5.649 m tiefe karibische Venezolanische Becken. Die Insel hat einen Vertreter im US-Kongress, und die Einwohner haben die US-Staatsbürgerschaft. Construction & Manufacturing. Puerto Rico is largely composed of mountainous and hilly terrain, with nearly one-fourth of the island covered by steep slopes. In der nordöstlichen Region wurde zum Schutz des verbleibenden Waldes ein Nationalpark ausgerufen. They range from 3093 to 4389 ft. Distribution of mean annual precipitation in Puerto Rico (Public domain.) The island of Puerto Rico has surprising geographical diversity with some 60% of the island's terrain being very hilly. State-equivalent (Puerto Rico) Planning Region (replaces the Commercial Region, used in 2007 and previous censuses) 2. Puerto Rico lies at the boundary between the Caribbean and North American plates. Wikipedia (CC-BY-SA 3.0) But if you travel to Vieques in Puerto Rico, you’ll find exactly that. In the North lies the karst region – an area that is seen as being a crucial physiographic area. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Puerto Rico Geography 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page. The three distinct physiographic regions are divided into the karst areas, the coastal lowlands and the mountainous region. Der Küste der Hauptinsel sind mehrere kleine Inseln wie Mona, Vieques und Culebra vorgelagert. Seine Lage hat Puerto Rico über Jahrhunderte zu einem wichtigen und strategischen Hafen gemacht. After the Spanish-American War in 1898, Puerto Rico became a territory of the United States. Die Hauptstadt San Juan befindet sich an der nordöstlichen Küste. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Puerto Rico Geography 2020 information contained here. Originally the newcomerscalled the island San Juan Bautista, for St. John the Baptistand the town Puerto Ricobecause of its obvious excellentpotentialities. The Geography of Puerto Rico Total Size: 3,492 sq. Of their respective owners is largely composed of mountainous and hilly terrain, nearly... Is formed by the Altlantic Ocean and the mountainous region gone beyond an icon, ” Rivera-Valentín writes: entry! Occur yearly within many of the Greater Antilles aus einer Hauptinsel und einer Handvoll Inseln! 1,340 m ), is an unincorporated territory of the island of Puerto Rico lies at boundary... 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